The earliest traces of habitation in the area around Eze dates back to the neolithic era, 2000BC. Evidence of 'Castellaras', thought to be stone forts or perhaps a burial ground, are to be found on Mont Bastide some 567metres above sea level overlooking the coast line at Eze-sur-Mer.
The area was occupied by the ancient Romans as they swept through this part of France en route to conquering the rest of Europe. It is suggested that the name Eze came about during this era when the Emperor Antoninus Pius gives mention to the Port Avisio or Avisionis, in the bay of St Laurent de Eze, in the recordings of his maritime route.
Legend also suggests that the Phoenicians erected a temple in Eze to honour the Goddess Isis but, without much to substantiate the claim, the real truth remains buried in the passage of time.
What is undoubted however, is that the area we now know as Eze-sur-Mer was fully utilised by the Romans during their time as a port of shelter along the salt route and also a place of respite with baths for relaxation.